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Sexually Transmitted Disease

Chlamydia
The most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial disease in the United States. It is known as a "silent" disease because symptoms usually do not appear, if symptoms do appear they usually are mild. Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics. 

Gonorrhea
The highest reported rates of infection, in the United States, are among sexually active teenagers, young adults, and African Americans.  Gonorrhea can be easily treated with antibiotics. Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that often co-exists with chlamydia, both infections are treated simultaneously. 

Genital Herpes
Caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). Fever blisters are caused by HSV-1 while genital herpes is caused by HSV-2. Most people have no or only minimal signs or symptoms from either type. When signs do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. There is no cure for herpes, but treatment is recommended to prevent outbreaks.

Genital HPV infection
Caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Most people who become infected with HPV will not have any symptoms. There is no cure for HPV infection, although in most women the infection goes away on its own.  The treatments provided are directed to the changes in the skin or mucous membrane caused by HPV infection, such as warts and pre-cancerous changes in the cervix.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Targets the immune system instead of the genitalia area(s).  Most people show no symptoms; however, some will have flu-like symptoms for a long period of time.  Transmitted through body fluids such as vaginal secretions, semen, blood, and breast milk.

Syphilis
Often called "the great imitator" because its symptoms resemble those of many other disease. Many people do not have any symptoms for years, yet remain at risk for late complications if they are not treated. Syphilis is a curable infection and treatment is available.

Trichomoniasis
Most common curable STD in young, sexually active women. Most men will not have symptoms; however, some women will experience symptoms. This infection can increase a woman's susceptibility to HIV infection if she is exposed to the virus. Trichomoniasis can be cured with prescription drugs.

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